The dangers of pump and dump schemes in cryptocurrency

4 minutes

Oki Takao
20/09/2023 12:00 AM


    The cryptocurrency market, known for its volatility, has its fair share of risks. Among these risks, pump and dump schemes stand out as one of the most deceptive and harmful. In this article, we'll explore what pump and dump schemes are, how to identify them, their impact on investors, and how you can protect yourself from falling victim to these dangerous schemes.

    What are pump and dump schemes?

    Understanding market manipulation

    Pump and dump schemes are a form of market manipulation where the price of a cryptocurrency is artificially inflated ("pumped") and then sold off quickly ("dumped") to make a profit. This practice exploits unsuspecting investors, luring them into buying assets at inflated prices.

    The mechanics of pump and dump

    Pump and dump schemes typically involve three stages: accumulation, pumping, and dumping. Organizers accumulate a significant amount of a low-value cryptocurrency, hype it up to attract buyers (pumping), and then sell off their holdings at the peak, causing the price to crash (dumping).

    Red flags to identify a pump and dump

    Sudden price spikes

    One of the most apparent red flags is a sudden, unexplained price spike in a cryptocurrency. These spikes often occur without any fundamental reason or news to support them.

    Anonymity and lack of transparency

    Pump and dump organizers usually remain anonymous, making it challenging to trace their identities or intentions. Lack of transparency about the project and its team is a warning sign.

    High-pressure tactics

    Pump and dump schemes rely on high-pressure tactics, such as fear of missing out (FOMO) and false claims of guaranteed returns, to entice investors. Be wary of overly aggressive marketing.

    The impact on investors

    Financial losses

    The most immediate danger of falling for a pump and dump scheme is financial loss. Investors who buy into the hype often end up with worthless tokens after the dump.

    Eroding trust

    Pump and dumps erode trust in the cryptocurrency market. As news of fraudulent schemes spreads, investor confidence may wane, potentially impacting the entire market.

    Regulatory scrutiny

    Pump and dump schemes have caught the attention of regulators worldwide. Participation in such schemes can lead to legal consequences, including fines and penalties.

    How to protect yourself

    Research and due diligence

    Before investing in any cryptocurrency, conduct thorough research. Verify the project's legitimacy, team credentials, and community feedback. Be skeptical of anything that sounds too good to be true.


    Don't put all your investments into a single cryptocurrency. Diversification can help spread risk and protect your portfolio from the impact of a single scheme.

    Staying informed

    Stay up-to-date with cryptocurrency news and developments. Being informed about market trends and potential risks is crucial for making sound investment decisions.


    Pump and dump schemes are a dark side of the cryptocurrency market, preying on unsuspecting investors. By understanding the red flags, exercising caution, and conducting due diligence, you can protect yourself from these dangerous schemes. Remember, in the world of cryptocurrencies, knowledge is your most potent weapon against fraud.


    A pump and dump scheme is a form of market manipulation where the price of a cryptocurrency is artificially inflated and then sold off quickly to make a profit.
    Look for sudden price spikes, anonymity, lack of transparency, and high-pressure tactics in marketing.
    Risks include financial losses, eroding trust in the market, and potential regulatory scrutiny.
    Protect yourself by conducting research, diversifying your investments, and staying informed about market developments.
    Recovery is challenging, so prevention through due diligence is the best approach.

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