Maker vs. taker fees: Differentiating between liquidity providers and market takers

5 minutes

Rainerio Vallejo
06/09/2023 12:00 AM

    Introduction to maker and taker fees

    Cryptocurrency exchanges serve as platforms where users can buy, sell, and trade digital assets. As part of this process, exchanges often charge fees, which can be categorized as maker and taker fees. These fees contribute to the sustainability and profitability of exchanges while providing various benefits to traders.

    What Are maker and taker orders?

    • Maker orders: A maker order adds liquidity to the order book by placing a limit order that doesn't immediately execute. Instead, it waits for a taker order to match against it.
    • Taker orders: A taker order removes liquidity from the order book by matching against an existing maker order. Taker orders execute immediately at the prevailing market price.

    Maker fees: The role of liquidity providers

    • Liquidity providers play a vital role in the market by adding depth to the order book.
    • By placing limit orders that don't instantly execute, liquidity providers facilitate smoother trading and earn maker rebates or reduced fees.

    Taker fees: The role of market takers

    • Market takers are traders who place orders that are matched against existing orders on the order book.
    • Taker fees are usually higher than maker fees and reflect the cost of executing an order immediately.

    Differences between maker and taker fees

    • Execution time: Maker orders are not executed immediately, while taker orders are executed instantly.
    • Fees: Maker fees are lower and sometimes even offer rebates, whereas taker fees are higher.

    Factors influencing maker and taker fees

    • Trading volume: Higher trading volume often leads to reduced fees for both makers and takers.
    • Membership tiers: Some exchanges offer reduced fees for traders based on their trading volume or holding of native tokens.
    • Platform and liquidity: Different exchanges have varying fee structures based on their operational costs and liquidity pools.

    Choosing the right trading strategy

    • Liquidity provision strategy: If you prefer a less active approach, acting as a liquidity provider might be suitable.
    • Market taker strategy: If you want to take advantage of price movements and execute trades quickly, being a market taker aligns with your goals.

    Mitigating fees: Tips for traders

    • Utilize limit orders: Placing limit orders as a maker can help reduce fees.
    • Utilize native tokens: Some exchanges allow you to pay fees using their native tokens, offering discounts.
    • Explore fee structures: Compare fee structures across exchanges to identify the most cost-effective options.

    Future trends in trading fees

    The cryptocurrency landscape is ever-evolving, and trading fee structures are no exception. As the industry continues to mature, we can expect to see innovative fee models, increased competition among exchanges, and more ways for traders to optimize their fee expenses.


    Yes, you can switch between roles based on your trading strategy for each trade.
    Not all exchanges offer maker rebates, but many provide reduced fees for makers.
    Yes, as your trading volume increases, you may move to a higher fee tier with lower costs.
    Most exchanges provide fee calculators on their websites to help you estimate trading fees.
    Maker fees are generally lower and more cost-effective for traders who prioritize reducing costs.

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